The New Jersey State Legislature

The Legislature consists of two chambers: a 40-member Senate and an 80-member General Assembly. The last election took place on November 7, 2017. The next election will take place this year, on November 5, 2019. In order to run for the New Jersey State Legislature, a candidate must be at least 21 years of age for the General Assembly and 30 years of age for the Senate

 

New Jersey Demographic Background

The largest generations in New Jersey are the Baby Boom Generation and Generation X.1 The former comprises 26% of the population and the latter 22%.2 The smallest generation is the Silent Generation, consisting of 11.50% of the population. About 56% of people in New Jersey are White, 13% are Black or African American, 20% are Hispanic or Latino, and about 10% are Asian.3

Generational Breakdown of the New Jersey State Legislature

The average age of a New Jersey legislator is 59 years. The largest generation represented in the New Jersey State Legislature is the Baby Boomer Generation, comprising over 50% of the New Jersey General Assembly, and 60% of the New Jersey State Senate. The second largest generation is Generation X (almost 26% in the legislature). There are twice as many legislators belonging to the Silent Generation than in the population as a whole. Millennials represent almost 9% of all members of the New Jersey General Assembly, and 2.5% in the New Jersey State Senate. Millennials are therefore underrepresented in the legislature. There are 4 Young Elected Leaders in New Jersey’s legislature.

 

Generational Composition of the New Jersey State Legislature

 

Generational Breakdown of the New Jersey General Assembly
Generation Number of Members % of Total Members
Millenial Generation 7 8.75%
Generation X 24 30.00%
Baby Boomer Generation 42 52.50%
Silent Generation 5 6.25%
NA* 2 2.50%

Note: *Indicates state legislators for whom there is no birth date on record.

  • The average age of the New Jersey General Assembly is 56.75
  • The youngest member is 33 (Britnee N. Timberlake)
  • The oldest member is 81 (Joseph V. Egan)
  • 4 individuals are Young Elected Leaders
    • Britnee N. Timberlake, 32
    • Clinton Calabrese, 32
    • Raj Mukherji, 34

 

Generational Breakdown of the New Jersey Senate
Generation Number of Members % of Total Members
Millenial Generation 1 2.50%
Generation X 7 17.50%
Baby Boomer Generation 24 60.00%
Silent Generation 7 17.50%
NA* 1 2.50

Note: *Indicates state legislators for whom there is no birth date on record.

  • The average age of the New Jersey Senate is 63.7
  • The youngest member is 34 (Vin Gopal)
  • The oldest member is 85 (S. Gerald Cardinale)
  • 1 individual is a Young Elected Leader
    • Vin Gopal, 34

Gender Breakdown of the New Jersey State Legislature

Women are underrepresented in the New Jersey state legislature: Roughly 33% of members in the New Jersey General Assembly and exactly 25% of members in the New Jersey State Senate are women. Female legislators are on average less than a year younger than their male colleagues.

There are one female and three male Young Elected Leaders in the New Jersey General Assembly, and one male Young Elected Leader in the New Jersey State Senate.

Gender of the New Jersey General Assembly

 

Gender by Generation in the New Jersey General Assembly

 

Gender of the New Jersey Senate

 

Gender by Generation in the New Jersey Senate

Ethnic Breakdown of the New Jersey State Legislature

Roughly 72% of members of the New Jersey General Assembly are White/Caucasian, followed by 16.25% being Black/African-American. In the New Jersey State Senate, this trend remains consistent, with exactly 75% of members being White/Caucasian and 12.50% being Black/African-American.

 

Ethnicity of the New Jersey General Assembly

 

Ethnicity by Generation in the New Jersey General Assembly

 

Ethnicity of Young Elected Leaders in New Jersey General Assembly

Of the four Young Elected Leaders in the New Jersey General Assembly, one is Black/African-American, one is of other or multiple ethnicities, and two are White/Caucasian.

 

Ethnicity of the New Jersey Senate

 

Ethnicity by Generation in the New Jersey Senate

Ethnicity of Young Elected Leaders in the New Jersey Senate

There is one Young Elected Leader in the New Jersey Senate, whose ethnicity is categorized as “other.”

Partisan Breakdown of the New Jersey State Legislature

A majority of the New Jersey General Assembly and State Senate are Democratic.  Of the five Young Elected Leaders throughout the legislature, all are Democrats.

 

Partisanship of the New Jersey General Assembly

 

Partisanship by Generation in the New Jersey General Assembly

Partisanship of Young Elected Leaders in the New Jersey General Assembly

There are four Young Elected Leaders in the New Jersey General Assembly, all of whom are members of the Democratic Party.

 

Partisanship of the New Jersey Senate

Partisanship by Generation in the New Jersey Senate

 

Partisanship of Young Elected Leaders in the New Jersey Senate

There is one Young Elected Leader in the New Jersey Senate, who is a member of the Democratic Party.

Notes

  1. The Young Elected Leaders Project collects and analyzes data on young elected officials across the country.  We define Young Elected Leaders as officials 35 years and younger. We define the generations following the Pew Research Center:
  • Generation Z: 1997-2012
  • Millennial Generation: 1981-1996
  • Generation X: 1965-1980
  • Baby Boom Generation: 1946-1964
  • Silent Generation: 1928-1945

2. Single Years of Age and Sex, 2010, US Census.

3. Demographic and Housing Estimates (Age, Sex, Race, Households and Housing, …) 2017, US Census.

This analysis is based on data from May 2019 and was conducted on May 26, 2019.

See the Young Elected Leaders in the 116th United States Senate